Here's what Moni team discovered:
To date, there are over 400 cryptocurrency exchanges on the market. These exchanges can be classified into two types: centralized and decentralized.
CEX (Centralized Exchange) is a centralized cryptocurrency exchange, as simple as that. As the name suggests, the management and administration of such an exchange lies on the shoulders of one organization, which acts as an intermediary between the two parties.
CEX Examples: Coinbase, Kraken, Binance, FTX, etc.
How CEX work?
Let’s say you want to buy an Ethereum coin.
You can go to the exchange, register, go through KYC (proof of identity), provide bank details and deposit fiat money. Then you make an operation and buy Ethereum. In your personal account, you will see Ethereum you bought. If you want, you can exchange it for other tokens. But you don’t actually own Ethereum and all the assets available on the exchange, because the exchange acts as a vault on your behalf. Any operation that you do on the exchange, for example, the swap of Ethereum for Bitcoin, does not take place on the blockchain, but in the exchange’s database. Of course, you do not have private keys to your wallets.
DEX (Decentralized Exchange) is a decentralized cryptocurrency exchange. Such an exchange was created on blockchain technology (distributed ledger)
DEX examples: Uniswap, Pancakeswap, SushiSwap, etc.
How DEX work? Example:
The decentralized exchange uses smart contracts to trade between people. Such exchanges do not have an intermediary (third party concerned). They function as peer-to-peer exchanges. Assets are never held (now we are talking only about an exchange), and transactions (this is not only the purchase itself, but also a request to buy or cancel an order, etc.) are made on the basis of smart contracts and are recorded in the blockchain.
Advantages and disadvantages of CEX and DEX:
*Note: For some guys pros are cons. And vice versa.
– The ability to make transactions with fiat
– Great functionality for trading
– High liquidity
– No access to private keys
– Security risk (CEX are more vulnerable to hacking threats)
– Only the owner has access to assets and private keys
– Access to a large selection of coins for exchange
– You will not be blocked
– More often liquidity is lower than on CEX
– Fiat is not supported
Let me know what you think about that
Aaaand if you want more live type of content about crypto you can always find me and Max in twitter: